FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) is a UN Organization dealing with a number of treaty- and development related tasks within food, agriculture, forestry and aquaculture.
FAO is very engaged in its aiding program (consulting, sharing of knowledge, food-aid, the development of agriculture and fisheries etc.) all for the benefit of the developing countries and the promotion of international cooperation.
Represented by 194 countries FAO has a unique international position as global adviser and mediator of knowledge like the implementation and evaluation of policies and strategies within the organization´s working area.
Among many things, the documentation and information made by FAO ensure the necessary and current knowledge on food-, agriculture- and fisheries production as well as related issues like the food-prices world-wide.
The Ministry´s role
The Ministry of Environment and Food is the overall responsible body for the United Nation´s Food and Agriculture Organization. The ministry´s superior tasks concerning the international agreements for FAO include the work within the governing bodies, the “Conference” that takes place every second year, as well as the work with the “Council” that holds 2-3 meetings annually. The ministry´s special tasks in FAO include The Codex Alimentarius, the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), Plant and animal genetic resources, Transboundary Animal and Plant Pests and Diseases as well as sustainable fisheries.
Danish participation in FAO ´s work, incl. meetings, are based on mutual agreement between the Ministry of Environment and Food and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the allocation of tasks in FAO work. Concerning FAO issues there is in practice a close contact between the ministries of food, agriculture, forestry, aquaculture and fisheries within the Nordic countries (Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Iceland).
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs deals with issues concerning UN´s Committee on World Food Security and other issues related to Denmark´s political developmental priorities.
For 2016 and 2017 the ordinary FAO budget is 546 mio. USD and 384 Mio Euro biannually. The Danish contribution from the Ministry of Environment and Food is an allocation granted by law.
The annual Danish contribution for each of the years 2016 and 2017 is 1,84 mio. USD and 1,30 mio. Euro which is approximately 23 mio. DKK. This amount is 0,675% of the total allocation from all member states. The five largest contributions are paid by US (22%), Japan (10,8%), Germany (8,1%), France (5,6 %) and UK (5,2%).
Besides the ordinary budget FAO gets voluntary contributions from a number of member countries and foundations in order to solve problems that deals with FAO´s objectives. The EUis the largest contributor of both mandatory contributions (approx. 35%) and voluntary contribution (approx. 50%).