The following is a brief, not detailed description of FAO work of special interest for Denmark and of which the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries is responsible.
Codex Alimentarius, a body under the FAO/WHO, develops global standards, guidelines etc concerning food and food production in order to ensure healthy and safe food products and facilitate international food trade (more than 200 food standards, approx. 3000 limits forpesticides and approx. 50 guidelines for food handlinghave been adopted).
It is voluntary to adapt the Codex standards but in many countries they are thebasis for national or regional legislation. Also in panel cases under the WTO´s Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures (SPS) the Codex standards are thebasis.
In Denmark the Codex work is the responsibility of the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration under the Ministry of Environment and Food.
The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is provided secretariat by FAO. IPPC- standards are recommended when panel issues under the WTO´s Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, SPS, are to be settled. These standards have always been of great importance for the removal of barriers to global trade. The contracting parties under the IPPC have committed themselves to promote technical assistance when implementing the IPPC standards intodeveloping countries.
In Denmark the IPPC work is the responsibility of The Danish AgriFish Agency under the Ministry of Environment and Food.
Transboundary animal- and plant diseases is an import issue to FAO. Since the 60´th FAO has been in the lead within Integrated Pest Management (IPM), and in 1997 the international IPM facility was established in collaboration with UNDP, UNEP and the World Bank. The work with trans-boundary diseases has in particular attracted attention in relation to foot-and-mouth disease and avian influenza. (flu)
In December 2004 FAO establishedan Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) and in cooperation with OIE and WHO has established a Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Transboundary Animal Disease of which FAO is “hosting” a Global Early Warning and Response System for Major Animal Diseases.
For many years Denmark has been very active in FAO´s European Commission on Foot- and Mouth Disease. In Denmark the work concerning animal and plant diseases is the responsibility ofthe Danish Veterinary and Food Administration respectively the Danish AgriFish Agency.
FAO has for many years been in the lead in relation to plant- and animal genetic resources.
Based on the FAO Commission on Plant Genetic Resources a global plan on Action for the Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA) was established in 1996 and in 2001 the FAO Conference recognized The International Treaty on PGRFA (ITPGRFA). The purpose is the preservation of genetic resources and the treaty is regarded as complementary to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CDP).
An International protection agreement concerning animal genetics similar to the ITPGRFA is under preparation.
Nordic Gene Resource Center (NordGen), a joint Nordic gene resource bank established under Nordic Council of Ministers by the ministers for food, agriculture, fisheries and forestry of the five Nordic countries, plays an important professional roll in relation to international gene issues under FAO. The Danish AgriFish Agency is Danish board member at the committee in NordGen.
In Denmark the work concerning plant- and animal genetic resources is the responsibility of The Danish AgriFish Agency respectively The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration. However,issues concerning forestry is the responsibility of The Danish Nature Agency under the Ministry of Environment and Food
Sustainable fisheries is a global important issue that engages FAO. The FAO committee on Fisheries (COFI) is in reality the only global inter-governmental forum for fisheries and aquaculture. Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries endorsed by the FAO-conference in 1995 is the framework for the main part of FAO´s work on fishery issues.
Globally, FAO also deals with problems concerning illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, (IUU in a global context) and it also engages in capacity management, incidental catching of seabirds, the labeling of fish/organic fish, aquaculture and fish trade.
The FAO project, Eurofish, an IGO (intergovernmental organization) with headquarters in Copenhagen, is a concrete FAO fisheries project receiving contributions from the Ministry of Environment and Food.
In Denmark the work withfisheries is the responsibility of the Danish AgriFish Agency.