The OECD is an international organisation. Originally it was established after the end of World War II as the OEEC (Organisation for European Economic Co-operation) in order to coordinate the Marshall Plan. In 1961, it changed to the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) with a transatlantic and global outlook.
The mission of the OECD is to promote political measures achieving sustainable economic growth and employment and contributing to the development of the world economy as well as sound economic expansion and growth in world trade on a multilateral, non-discriminatory basis.
The work of the OECD is organised in a number of committees on which OECD countries are represented, and in a number of directorates of a secretariat. The task of the Secretariat is primarily to collect data and draw up surveys that constitute the basis for discussion and decisions taken by the committees.
The EU Commission participates also in the work of the OECD.
The Ministry of Environment and Food is represented in the OECD Environment Policy Committee, the Committee for Agriculture and the OECD Fisheries Committee as well as related sub-committees.
In the area of agriculture, the OECD publishes an annual report, ”Agricultural Outlook”, which is a 10-year projection of developments in global agricultural production as well as ”Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries - Monitoring and Evaluation”, which is a review and assessment of the agricultural policy in the OECD countries. The OECD has i.a. developed methods to calculate total agricultural support in the member countries corresponding to approximately 20% of agricultural income.
In the area of fisheries, the OECD publishes an annual report, ”Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries”.